A return is a document that a taxpayer is required to file as per the law with the tax administrative authorities. Under the GST law, a normal taxpayer will be required to furnish three returns monthly and one annual return. Similarly, there are separate returns for a taxpayer registered under the composition scheme, taxpayer registered as an Input Service Distributor, a person liable to deduct or collect the tax (TDS/TCS).
|Return Form||What to file?||By Whom?||By When?|
|GSTR-1||Details of outward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected||Registered Taxable Supplier||10th of the next month|
|GSTR-2||Details of inward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected claiming input tax credit.||Registered Taxable Recipient||15th of the next month|
|GSTR-3||Monthly return on the basis of finalization of details of outward supplies and inward supplies along with the payment of amount of tax.||Registered Taxable Person||20th of the next month|
|GSTR-4||Quarterly return for compounding taxable person.||Composition Supplier||18th of the month succeeding quarter|
|GSTR-5||Return for Non-Resident foreign taxable person||Non-Resident Taxable Person||20th of the next month|
|GSTR-6||Return for Input Service Distributor||Input Service Distributor||13th of the next month|
|GSTR-7||Return for authorities deducting tax at source.||Tax Deductor||10th of the next month|
|GSTR-8||Details of supplies effected through e-commerce operator and the amount of tax collected||E-commerce Operator/Tax Collector||10th of the next month|
|GSTR-9||Annual Return||Registered Taxable Person||31st December of next financial year|
|GSTR10||Final Return||Taxable person whose registration has been surrendered or cancelled.||Within three months of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.|
|GSTR-11||Details of inward supplies to be furnished by a person having UIN||Person having UIN and claiming refund||28th of the month following the month for which statement is filed|
There are basically two types of exemption and remedies available to the taxpayer, one is basic exemption and another is the composition scheme. Let us understand both:
1. BASIC EXEMPTION UNDER GST : As per the GST law, if any person supplies goods or services for the value of more than Rs.20 lakh, then GST registration shall be mandatory and he shall have to apply for GST registration within 30 days.
Further, the basic exemption of Rs.20 lakh is not applicable for north eastern states including Jammu & Kashmir (J&k), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizroram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Himanchal Pradesh and Uttrakhand. For these states, the basic exemption limit is Rs.10 lakh.
2. COMPOSITION SCHEME (LEVY) UNDER GST : To avail the composition scheme, one must apply to the department only if the total turnover is less than 75 lakh. Further, that person should not sell outside the state. The composition rate may be 2.5% in case of manufacturer and 1% in case of others.